Citations according to the MLA Update – 9th Edition
Example of referenced article from a book:
Author’s last name, first name and additional authors. Book Title is in italics. Publisher’s name, Date of publication.
Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. Scholastic Press, 2008.
Green, John and David Levithan. Will Grayson, Will Grayson. Penguin Group, Inc., 2010.
Example of referenced article from the internet (i.e., ABC-CLIO, etc.)
Author’s last name, first name and additional authors. “Title of the article is in quotations.” Database is in italics. Subscription Service. Date of Publication. URL. Date of Access.
Spanner, Don. "Jazz Age." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2016, americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/370818. Accessed 4 Oct. 2016.
Example of a Work in an Anthology, Reference, Textbook or Collection (ONLINE**no http://)
Last name, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection. edited by Editor’s Name(s). Publisher, Year. pp. (Page range of entry)
Harris, Muriel. “Talk to Me.” A Tutor’s Guide: Helping Writers One to One. Edited by Ben Rafoth. Heinemann, 2000. pp. 24-34.
“To Kill a Mockingbird.” Novel for Students, vol. 32. Edited by Sara Constantakis. Gale, 2010, pp. 224-252, Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=rhsmc_ca&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CCX2591500024&it=r&asid=1c21cb5258c074fcdb1945d8c04cbc2b. Accessed 4 Oct. 2016.
NOTE: Editor, Illustrator, Translator, etc. are no longer abbreviated
Woolf, Virginia. Jacob’s Room. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc., 2008.
Article in a Magazine
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pp.
Poniewozik, James and Margaret Wonders. “TV Makes a Too-Close Call.” New Yorker, vol. 96, no. 2, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-75.
Article in a web magazine/newspaper (ONLINE**no http://)
Author’s name. “Article name in quotations.” Title of the web magazine in italics, Publisher name, publication date, URL. Date of access.
Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 16 Aug. 2002, alistapart.com/article/writeliving. Accessed 4 May 2016.
Films or Movies
Title in italics. Directed by Name, performances by name(s), Distributor’s name, Year of release.
Guilty by Suspicion. Directed by Irwin Winkler, performances by Robert DeNiro and Annette Bening, Warner Brothers, 1991.
Format of Other Common Sources
DVDs or TV shows Music Podcast
Interviews, in person or via email Speeches
Author. “Title.” Title of the whole. Other contributors (Edited by or Translated by), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pp. URL). Accessed (date of access).
The use of technology is so complex and varied; it is impossible to list all sources. Therefore, when it comes to other citations, the best source for correct citation method is found in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers…copies are in the Media Center.
“Identify formation appears to be the common denominator among reasons college students acquire a tattoo” (Friedman 27). Notice location of the period.
Long Quotations (more than 4 lines) left indentation is 1 inch:
Acquiring a tattoo while attending college can express a wide range of possible motivations, from self-expression to social conformity, from impulsive daring to self-doubt. Motivation may even change over time for a single individual who acquires more than one tattoo. But the common denominator appears to be identity formation, whether as a positive process or personal crisis. (Friedman 26-27) Notice location of the period.
Author is named in the sentence:
Stanley Friedman maintains that the common denominator among the reasons college students acquire tattoos is identity formation (27).
Title but no author – Use Title of Source:
Identity formation appears to be the common denominator among reasons college students acquire a tattoo (“Transgressing the Student Body” 27). Notice location of the period
Web source that has no page numbers – Use Author’s Name or Title of Source:
Identity formation appears to be the common denominator among reasons college students acquire a tattoo (“Transgressing the Student Body”). Notice location of the period.