Citations according to the MLA 9th Edition

In-text Citations

Penn State University Libraries provides helpful information and examples of in-text citations for MLA Format. Click HERE to learn more. 

Reminder: If there is no author for an article, put the title of the article in parentheses. 

If the author of an article quotes someone else, the in-text citation should include this: (qtd. in Author's name). 

An online entry (rather than an article):

For an online entry, put the entry in parentheses. For example, if you are doing a research paper on the environment, and you look up "Wind Power" in Britannica, put ("Wind Power") at the end of the sentence. Then, of course, the Works Cited page would refer to Britannica. Click HERE for more examples:

Works Cited page

For the "Works Cited" page, if you use a citation generator, make sure it provides an accurate citation. Here are some examples for a Works Cited page.

Example of referenced article from a book: 

Author’s last name, first name and additional authors. Book Title is in italics.   Publisher’s name, Date of publication.

Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. Scholastic Press, 2008.

Green, John and David Levithan.  Will Grayson, Will Grayson. Penguin Group, Inc., 2010.

Example of referenced article from the internet:

Author’s last name, first name and additional authors.  “Title of the article is in quotations.”  Database is in italics.  Subscription Service. Date of Publication.  URL. Date of Access.

(Note: Date of Access is optional for MLA 9th edition. If there is no publication date, it is recommended to put the date the site was accessed.)

Spanner, Don. "Jazz Age." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2016, Accessed 4 Oct. 2016.

Example of a Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Textbook

Last name, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection. edited by Editor’s Name(s). Publisher, Year. pp. (Page range of entry)

Harris, Muriel. “Talk to Me.” A Tutor’s Guide: Helping Writers One to One. Edited by Ben Rafoth. Heinemann, 2000. pp. 24-34.

Woolf, Virginia. Jacob’s Room. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc., 2008.

Article in a Magazine

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pp.

Poniewozik, James and Margaret Wonders. “TV Makes a Too-Close Call.” New Yorker, vol. 96, no. 2, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-75. 

Article in a web magazine/newspaper  (ONLINE**no http://)

Author’s name. “Article name in quotations.” Title of the web magazine in italics, Publisher name, publication date, URL. Date of access.

Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 16 Aug. 2002, Accessed 4 May 2016.

Films or Movies

Title in italics.  Directed by Name, performances by name(s),  Distributor’s name, Year of release.

Guilty by Suspicion. Directed by Irwin Winkler, performances by Robert DeNiro and Annette Bening, Warner Brothers, 1991.

Format of Other Common Sources

TV shows, Music, Podcast Interviews, Speeches

Author. “Title.” Title of the whole. Other contributors (Edited by or Translated by), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pp. URL). Accessed (date of access).


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